Health-care facilities

Health-care establishments are structurally similar to hotels: lodging areas that coexist alongside technical areas. But hygienic and sanitary requirements are much more exacting, as much for heating and air-conditioning as for water distribution.
When temperature control is done with heating alone, radiators are generally equipped with heads with small openings to limit dust and, therefore, pollution. Air-conditioning equipment takes into account hygiene rules by including additional filtration precautions, leading to positive or negative effects on air pressure in rooms.
Water system design must focus on absolute hygiene. Chemical and thermal treatments are added systematically to loops. The goal is to avoid all bacterial proliferation (particularly legionella).

Aside from that, the logic that is followed is similar to commercial and office developments. Reception areas, casualty centres and similar spaces are often equipped with low-temperature underfloor heating, which is well-suited to these large spaces.

Health-care facilities
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Generator parts

The boiler is placed in a dedicated technical space, located below-ground or at roof level.
The cold group exterior unit is normally placed at roof level.

Boiler

Cold group

Sanitary

  • Hot water generation is generally coupled with the heating device. To guarantee that occupants always have constant access to hot water, a heater connected to a high-capacity storage tank is installed.

Primary networks

In a health-care facility, the primary network generally consists of several columns situated between two guest rooms. These columns perform distribution for the water, heating and air conditioning systems. They are accessible through areas between rooms.

Heating and air conditioning

Sanitary

The mandatory chemical disinfection treatments, linked to strong temperature rises, basically requires the use of stainless steel so that installations will be long-lasting. Water loops are necessary to meet sanitary requirements.

Interfaces

As in hotels and office space, the interface in a hospital is generally installed by simply tapping the riser columns at each floor to supply the horizontal loops and distribution branches.

Balancing

Secondary networks

In the hospital sector, secondary heating and air-conditioning networks are usually placed in the ceiling, with ducted piping.

Heating and air conditioning (ducted)

Radiators

Water

Regulation and parts for emitters

Radiators

Unit ventilators

  • Control and balancing of emitters may be performed with Ballorex pressure-independent control valves (PICV), governed with electrothermal heads (actumod or actu on/off model, depending on the type of control desired). A centralised technical management (CTM) system controls the overall installation.

Water treatment and quality

In hospitals and health-care facilities, the cleanliness of the network must be guaranteed above all, to inhibit bacterial proliferation.

To protect equipment, installing a COMAP sludge collection unit completes the initial outfitting with a large-capacity retention device on the primary circuit. It guarantees that impurities from the looped heating circuit do not recirculate. The risks of total or partial blockage and of premature corrosion due to differential airing are limited.

Depending on water hardness, the water system can be completed with a large-capacity COMAP water softener. This may be installed to prevent malfunction linked to calcium deposits. Regular, careful and documented maintenance is necessary.  .

A COMAP UVC generator may be placed on cold water supply lines and hot water loops to eliminate all germs that may remain in the water, complemented by periodic thermal treatments of these networks. UV treatment is preferred to chemical treatments for equipment longevity.

1Generator parts

To connect energy generators to networks and ensure the dependability and safety of the system.

Discover

Generator parts

The boiler is placed in a dedicated technical space, located below-ground or at roof level.
The cold group exterior unit is normally placed at roof level.

Boiler

Cold group

Sanitary

  • Hot water generation is generally coupled with the heating device. To guarantee that occupants always have constant access to hot water, a heater connected to a high-capacity storage tank is installed.

2Primary networks

To transport energy from one or several generators to the rest of the system.

Discover

Primary networks

In a health-care facility, the primary network generally consists of several columns situated between two guest rooms. These columns perform distribution for the water, heating and air conditioning systems. They are accessible through areas between rooms.

Heating and air conditioning

Sanitary

The mandatory chemical disinfection treatments, linked to strong temperature rises, basically requires the use of stainless steel so that installations will be long-lasting. Water loops are necessary to meet sanitary requirements.

3Interfaces

To distribute and split flow in networks.

Discover

Interfaces

As in hotels and office space, the interface in a hospital is generally installed by simply tapping the riser columns at each floor to supply the horizontal loops and distribution branches.

4Balancing

To control flow and ensure optimal distribution throughout the network.

Discover

Balancing

5Secondary networks

To supply all heating and water emitters.

Discover

Secondary networks

In the hospital sector, secondary heating and air-conditioning networks are usually placed in the ceiling, with ducted piping.

Heating and air conditioning (ducted)

Radiators

Water

6Regulation and parts for emitters

To regulate flow in the system and provide the desired comfort level in each room.

Discover

Regulation and parts for emitters

Radiators

Unit ventilators

  • Control and balancing of emitters may be performed with Ballorex pressure-independent control valves (PICV), governed with electrothermal heads (actumod or actu on/off model, depending on the type of control desired). A centralised technical management (CTM) system controls the overall installation.

7Water treatment and quality

Protect the system for the long term, and provide optimal water quality

Discover

Water treatment and quality

In hospitals and health-care facilities, the cleanliness of the network must be guaranteed above all, to inhibit bacterial proliferation.

To protect equipment, installing a COMAP sludge collection unit completes the initial outfitting with a large-capacity retention device on the primary circuit. It guarantees that impurities from the looped heating circuit do not recirculate. The risks of total or partial blockage and of premature corrosion due to differential airing are limited.

Depending on water hardness, the water system can be completed with a large-capacity COMAP water softener. This may be installed to prevent malfunction linked to calcium deposits. Regular, careful and documented maintenance is necessary.  .

A COMAP UVC generator may be placed on cold water supply lines and hot water loops to eliminate all germs that may remain in the water, complemented by periodic thermal treatments of these networks. UV treatment is preferred to chemical treatments for equipment longevity.